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He was replaced by Morris Iemmawho remained Premier after being re-elected in the March state electionuntil he was replaced by Nathan Rees in September Conventions and forums involving colony leaders were held on a regular basis.
Macquarie's legacy is still evident today. Greiner resigned but was later cleared of corruption.
During this era, NSW hosted the Sydney Olympics which were internationally regarded as very successful, and helped boost Carr's popularity. In the late s a secessionist movement in the New England region natural skin care brands yahoo dating the state led to a referendum on the issue.
Midth century[ edit ] During the 19th century, large areas were successively separated to form the British colonies of Tasmania proclaimed as a separate colony named Van Diemen's Land inSouth AustraliaVictoria and Queensland In further referenda were held in the same states as well as Queensland but not Western Australia.
The beneficiary of the resultant discontent was not the Communist Partywhich remained small and weak, but Jack Lang 's Labor populism. Prehistory of Australia The prior inhabitants of New South Wales were the Aboriginal tribes who arrived in Australia about 40, to 60, years ago.
The referendum was narrowly defeated and, as of [update]there are no active or organised campaigns for new states in NSW. Proponents of New South Wales as a free trade state were in dispute with the other leading colony Victoria, which had a protectionist economy.
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In his original journal s covering the survey, in triplicate to satisfy Admiralty Orders, Cook first named the land "New Wales", named after Wales. The mass unemployment and collapse of commodity prices brought ruin to both city workers and to farmers. His replacement Barrie Unsworth struggled to emerge from Wran's shadow and lost a election against a resurgent Liberal Party led by Nick Greiner.
Before European settlement there were an estimatedAboriginal people in the region. Lang's second government was elected in November on a policy of repudiating New South Wales' debt to British bondholders and using the money instead to help the unemployed through public works.
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This was denounced as illegal by conservatives, and also by James Scullin 's federal Labor government. His replacement as Liberal leader and Premier was John Fahey whose government secured Sydney the right to host the Summer Olympics.
Japanese POW camp in Cowra,several weeks before the Cowra breakout By the outbreak of World War II inthe differences between New South Wales and the other states that had emerged in the 19th century had faded as a result of federation and economic development behind a wall of protective tariffs.
The subsequent election was won by the conservative opposition. Post-war period[ edit ] Labor stayed in power until World War II saw another surge in industrial development to meet the needs of a war economy, and also the elimination of unemployment.
Baird resigned as Premier on 23 Januaryand was replaced by Gladys Berejiklian. Askin's resignation in was followed by a number of short lived premierships by Liberal Party leaders. Early 20th century[ edit ] In the years after World War I, the high prices enjoyed during the war fell with the resumption of international trade.
Greiner was accused by ICAC of corrupt actions involving an allegation that a government position was offered to tempt an independent who had defected from the Liberals to resign his seat so that the Liberal party could regain it and shore up its numbers.
Edmund Bartonlater to become Australia's first Prime Minister, was another strong advocate for federation and a meeting held in Corowa in drafted an initial constitution.
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Wran was able to transform this narrow one seat victory into landslide wins known as Wranslide in and Travelling from New South Wales to Victoria in those days was very difficult.
The SMR is notable for being the second last system in Australia to use steam haulage. Farmers became increasingly discontented with the fixed prices paid by the compulsory marketing authorities set up as a wartime measure by the Hughes government. In the farmers formed the Country Partyled at national level by Earle Pagea doctor from Graftonand at state level by Michael Bruxnera small farmer from Tenterfield.
Like Wran before him Carr was able to turn a narrow majority into landslide wins at the next two elections and New South Wales met the conditions its government had set for a yes vote.
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Controversy over the cost of what would eventually become the Sydney Opera House became a political issue and was a factor in the eventual defeat of Labor in by the conservative Liberal Party led by Sir Robert Askin. All votes resulted in a majority in favour, but the New South Wales government under Premier George Reid popularly known as "yes—no Reid" because of his constant changes of opinion on the issue had set a requirement for a higher "yes" vote than just a simple majority which was not met.
The result was that Lang's supporters in the federal Caucus brought down Scullin's government, causing a second bitter split in the Labor Party.